Chess is a game that can be difficult to master, but learning the basics is fairly straighforward. Each chess piece has specific movements it can make on the game board. Once you learn about the names of the individual pieces and how each one is supposed to move around the board, you can begin playing right away and worry about developing winning strategies later.
Chess Pieces and How They Move
Each chess game comes with two complete sets of pieces; one for each opponent. Basic sets include one black set and one white set, but the sets can really be any color, and the pieces in some sets are created with very fanciful themes.
|Piece||Name||Number in Each Set||How Piece Moves|
|King||One||Moves one vacant square in any direction, including diagonally; May also be "castled" with the rook (see explanation below).|
|Queen||One||Moves any number of vacant squares in any direction, including diagonally.|
|Bishop||Two||Moves any number of vacant squares diagonally on whichever color that it starts out on.|
|Knight||Two|| Moving the knight is a little tricky. |
|Rook||Two||Moves any number of vacant spaces in any direction except diagonally; May also be "castled" with the king.|
|Pawn||Eight|| Pawns have the potential to become more powerful players in the game. |
Simple Explanation of Castling
Castling is a move made by the king in which the king moves two squares toward the player's own rook. The rook is then moved into the vacant square the king originally moved through.
This move can only be done under a certain set of circumstances.
- Neither the king nor rook have yet been moved out of their home rank.
- There is no other piece between them.
- The vacant square the king moves through on its way to the rook cannot be under attack by the opposing player.
- The king is not currently in check, nor will be once the move is completed.
Enjoy the Game of Kings
Chess has long been referred to as the game of kings, but anyone can learn to play it. Start out by memorizing how each piece moves and then begin playing with other players. Watch how they move their pieces and you'll begin to see the best ways to move your own to create strategies to win. Chess can be a life-long pursuit, and the more you play, the more your skills will grow.